Infectious skin diseases
Infectious skin diseases belong to the most common diseases in dermatology and can cause even serious conditions. An infection of the skin with streptococci even through a tiny sting can lead to erysipelas which is characterized by a painful reddening of the affected area and fever, requiring antibiotic therapy. Sometimes, even hospitalization with intense infusion therapy is demanded. Moreover, viral diseases such as herpes, chickenpox, measles and shingles (herpes zoster) can lead to aggravating, febrile and painful conditions. Fortunately, effective therapies are available, though infection cannot always be avoided.
Chronic inflammatory skin diseases
Another important group of skin diseases consists of numerous chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are one of the prominent diagnoses made in dermatology. Eczema, closely related to atopic dermatitis, is the most frequent type of chronic skin diseases. Constant lubrication of the skin is very important in symptom free intervals to avoid recurrences.
Treamtent of acne vulgaris
Last but not least, acne with its numerous subtypes such as acne vulgaris of the juvenile, perioral dermatitis and rosacea of rather elderly people can be stigmatizing and disfiguring. If untreated, they can lead to pus development with an affection of deeper layers of the skin with infections of subcutaneous soft tissue, leaving disfiguring scars. If therapy starts early, topical therapy with creams can be sufficient. However, oral medication is required in advanced stages.
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